FICO - Your Credit Score
Since we live in an automated society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to just one number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, car payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
The three reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors to build your score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted differently depending on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary slightly from one agency to another. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers in the current environment have a score above 620.
FICO makes a difference in your interest rate
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I improve my FICO score?
Is it possible to raise your credit score? Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You should, of course, remove any incorrect data on your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
How do I find out my credit score?
Before you can improve your score, you have to obtain your score and make sure that the credit reports from each reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three agencies. Also available are information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from all three credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is quick and inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your credit score? Give us a call at 205-941-1484.